TABLE 3.

Adjusted Odds of Treatment by Rural-Urban Location and Study Period, 2006–2015

OutcomeComparisonAdjusted OR (95% CI)*
SurgeryRural vs Urban, 2006–20100.98 (0.68,1.41)
Rural vs Urban, 2011–20150.88 (0.61,1.27)
Rural, 2011-2015 vs 2006–20100.65 (0.49,0.86)
Urban, 2011-2015 vs 2006–20100.72 (0.60,0.87)
RadiationRural vs Urban, 2006–20100.97 (0.66,1.44)
Rural vs Urban, 2011–20151.04 (0.71,1.52)
Rural, 2011–2015 vs 2006–20101.61 (1.18,2.19)
Urban, 2011–2015 vs 2006–20101.50 (1.23,1.84)
Any TreatmentRural vs Urban, 2006–20100.93 (0.64,1.35)
Rural vs Urban, 2011–20150.88 (0.60,1.30)
Rural, 2011–2015 vs 2006–20100.96 (0.68,1.36)
Urban, 2011–2015 vs 2006–20101.01 (0.81,1.27)
  • Abbreviations: OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval

  • * Models adjusted for age, sex, race, comorbidities, area-level poverty, education, surgeon density, radiation oncologist density, and presence of a cancer hospital within the county. Random intercepts allowed at county level. Confidence intervals/significance adjusted for multiple comparisons within each model.