TABLE 4.

Comparison of Patient and Area Level Variables in Rural Areas of Low, Medium, and High Surgery Rates

Level of MeasurementCharacteristicCounty Tertile for SurgeryP-Value
Total (N = 1572)1 (n = 492)2 (n=636)3 (n = 444)
Patient Level
N = 1572 Rural PatientsAge Group
 18–64263 (17)90 (18)102 (16)71 (16).886
 65–69325 (21)99 (20)139 (22)87 (20)
  70–74381 (24)119 (24)153 (24)109 (25)
 75–79327 (21)105 (21)132 (21)90 (20)
 80+276 (18)79 (16)110 (17)87 (20)
Gender
 Male805 (51)260 (53)310 (49)235 (53).272
 Female767 (49)232 (47)326 (51)209 (47)
Race
 White1329 (85)423 (86)525 (83)381 (86).196
 Non-White243 (15)69 (14)111 (17)63 (14)
Elixhauser Comorbidity, Mean (SD)5.12 (6.41)5.39 (6.66)5.01 (6.34)5.0 (6.22)0.535
Travel Distance, Mean (SD)24.88 (16.83)30.32 (20.06)23.77 (12.03)20.46 (14.92)< .0001
Area Level
N = 54 Rural CountiesSurgeon density
 Low24 (44)7 (39)10 (56)7 (39).29
 High30 (56)11 (61)8 (44)11 (61)
Rad-Onc Density
 Low39 (72)12 (67)13 (72)14 (78).004
 High15 (28)6 (33)5 (28)4 (22)
COC Hospital
 None43 (80)15 (83)14 (78)14 (78).61
 At least 111 (20)3 (17)4 (22)4 (22)
High Poverty
 < 20%21 (39)7 (39)7 (39)7 (39).54
 > 20%33 (61)11 (61)11 (61)11 (61)
Low Education
 < 20%29 (54)10 (56)9 (50)10 (56).47
 > 20%25 (46)8 (44)9 (50)8 (44)