TABLE 5.

Comparison of Patient and Area Level Variables in Rural Areas of Low, Medium, and High Treatment (Surgery or Radiation) Rates

Level of MeasurementCharacteristicCounty Tertile for SurgeryP-Value
Total (N = 1572)1 (n = 393)2 (n = 595)3 (n = 584)
Person Level
N = 1572 Rural PatientsAge Group
 18–64263 (17)68 (17)106 (18)89 (15).610
 65–69325 (21)87 (22)128 (22)110 (19)
 70–74381(24)85 (22)142 (24)154 (26)
 75–79327 (21)81 (21)116 (19)130 (22)
 80+276 (18)72 (18)103 (17)101 (17)
Gender
 Male805 (51)214 (54)302 (51)289 (49).302
 Female767 (49)179 (46)293 (49)295 (51)
Race
 White1329 (85)349 (89)475 (80)505 (86)< .001
 Non-White243 (15)44 (11)120 (20)79 (14)
 Elixhauser Comorbidity (mean, st dev.)5.12 (6.41)5.51 (6.92)5.22 (6.25)4.77 (6.19).1831
 Travel Distance (mean, st dev.)24.88 (16.83)33.32 (22.57)24.09 (13.69)20.01 (12.56)< .0001
Area-Level
N = 54 countiesSurgeon Density
 Low24 (44)8 (44)9 (50)7 (39).24
 High30 (56)10 (56)9 (50)11 (61)
Radon Density
 Low39 (72)14 (78)11 (61)14 (78).56
 High15 (28)4 (22)7 (39)4 (22)
COC Hospital
 043 (80)17 (94)13 (72)13 (72)< .001
 At Least 111 (20)1 (6)5 (28)5 (28)
High Poverty
 < 20%21 (39)9 (50)5 (28)7 (39).44
 > 20%33 (61)9 (50)13 (72)11 (61)
Low Education
 < 20%29 (54)12 (67)8 (44)9 (50).06
 > 20%25 (46)6 (33)10 (56)9 (50)